MECAHNIZATION OF THE FARMING TECHNOLOGY
In 1900, farmers represented 38 percent of the
U.S. labor force. From the first U.S. factory for tractors driven by an internal combustion engine in 1902 to the Rural Electrification Administration bringing electricity to many farmers in 1935, farming in the United States during the early 1900s
changed drastically. Some important improvments in equipment that changed during that time period were the first crawler
tractor with tracks rather than wheels, the first major aerial dusting of crops, and rubber wheels to improve the tractors.
"Agricultural Mechanization." Greatest Engineering Achievements of the 20th
2005. National Academy of Engineering. 23 Oct. 2005
CHILDREN'S BOOKS OF THE EARLY 1900S
After a decline during the early 1920s, the golden age
of the picture book began with the publication of Wanda Gág's Millions of Cats (1928). In 1938 the American
Library Association began giving the Caldecott Medal for the most distinctive American picture book for children.
The first author to receive this award was Dorothy Lathrop for her book, Animals of the Bible (1937). A
number of major illustrators whose works are still popular came about in the 1930s. Kurt Wiese illustrated
Kipling's Mowgli Stories (1936). Helen Sewell employed a realistic style for The First Bible (1934).
Here are some other popular authors and their publications:
A.A. Milne: When We Were Very Young (1924), Now We are Six (1927), Winnie-the-Pooh
(1926), and The House at Pooh Corner (1928).
Hugh Lofting: The Story of Dr Dolittle (1920/1922).
Rudyard Kipling, The Jungle Book (1894), Kim (1901), Just So Stories (1902),
Puck of Pook’s Hill (1906).
J.M. Barrie: Peter and Wendy/Peter Pan (1911).
Edgar Rice Burroughs: Tarzan of the Apes (1914).
MEDICAL ADVANCES IN THE EARLY 1900S
The picture shown to the right is a
Ayer's American Almanac written by Dr. James Cook Ayer for the year 1914. Inside this almanac, Ayer explains the moon's cycle for each month of the year and
advertises his medical products such as Ayer's pills, hair vigor, and alcohol-free sarsaparilla. Medical advances really
got started in the early 1900s when new treatment for smallpox, rabies, and anthrax were created. Medical scientists
were studying dogs, cows, sheep, and rabbits to advance their research. Also during the early 1900s, medical breakthroughs
have solved the treatment for Rickets and Cardiac Catheterization Techniques. During the 1920s, Insulin was discovered
to help control diabetes. In the early 1930s, the modern Anesthesia was developed to allow induced unconsciousness or
insensitivity to pain. These medical advances helped elongate the life expectancy of the average American citizen.
Most of these advances are still being utilized to this very day.
"Early 1900s." Medical Milestones. 23 Oct. 2005 <http://126.96.36.199/
CAUSES OF DEATH IN THE EARLY 1900S
In the early 1900s, some the
major cause of death was infectious diseases such as typhoid fever. Infectious diseases were the leading cause of death
in the early 1900s because people during that time had poor hygiene and poor sanitation techniques. Other causes of
death were diseases linked with poor nutrition, poor maternal and infant health, unsafe workplaces/hazardous occupations.
Biomedical advances and health education programs decreased the number of fatalities in the early 1900s. But as infectious
diseases decreased, the number of chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease and cancer, increased. During the
early 1900s, the government banned the use and market of alcohol because it proved to be a leading health risk. However,
this Prohibition Act was ratified by the Twenty-first Amendment.
in Public Health, 1900-1999: Changes in the Public Health System."
MMWR. 2 May 2001.
23 Oct. 2005 <http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/
COMPARISON OF MARRIAGE IN THE PAST AND TODAY
Although half of the married couples
in the U.S. are getting a divorce, marriage back in the early 1900s was not much better. Spousal rape was legal, and
the police did not take wife-beatings seriously. Divorce was sinful; many people lived and survived in unhappy marriages.
Today, many women are having fewer children. Back in the 1920s, there were many more farms than there were factories.
The women saw their children as financial assets because they worked on the farm, but today, children are seen as dependants
and very costly. But today, because there are fewer children, they are being shown
more attention by their mothers and other relatives. Change in certain acts such as marriage can positively affect
a person's life, as well as negatively.
Hercules, Kacey. "Nature of family must face changing times." Sidelines Online.
Feb. 2005. 23 Oct. 2005 <http://www.mtsusidelines.com/media/paper202/