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What were they doing? More Pictures Links to More Brother, can you spare a dime?

What was my family doing in the 1920s?


       During the early 1900s, the Whitney family was living in upstate New York.  My great grandfather Hugh Frederick Whitney owned a dairy farm in Pulaski, New York.  On their farm in Pulaski, they raised cattle for dairy products and chickens for eggs.  The only vegetation growing on their farm were some wheat and oats for only their basic family needs and the needs of their animals. The farm was mainly a dairy farm.
       In the early 1920s, the tuberculosis sanitarium in the mountains that the cows supplying their milk were infected with tuberculosis.  The sanitarium made a contract with Hugh to buy milk exclusively from him.  Fortunately, only one of my great grandfather's cows had tuberculosis and all of the others were found to be in perfect health.  This contract lasted for about a year and it provided a steady income during the troubled times.
       In addition to being a dairy farmer, my great grandfather was also a judge.  He ruled over the local court in his rural community, in the Pulaski Court.
       My great grandfather's family did not invest very much money in the stock market, and that helped them immensely.  When the market unexpectedly crashed, they did not lose their entire savings.  They still had money left over that was enough to survive off of.
My grandfather, Hugh Frederick Whitney Jr. had to pay for college during the Great Depression.  Although his family still had much of their savings, it was still difficult to afford the schools.  Colleges back in those days cost a couple hundred to one thousand dollars.  And on top of the tuition fees, my Hugh Jr. was in the hospital for a month with appendicitis.
       My grandpa married Doris Lusina Newton in 1937.  She lived in a rural community in New York.  She lived in the city of Sherrill.  Since my grandparents got married in 1937, they did not own any stock nor did they want to buy any because of the Great Depression.  They moved to New Jersey after their wedding, where they raised their family.


       During the 1920s and 30s, my mother's side of the family lived in Mantua, Ohio.  They also owned a dairy farm and have owned it since the late 1800s.  P.J. Cavanaugh, a living relative, owns that farm to this very day.  In the 1900s, they raised cattle and produced milk.  As well as cows and cattle, the Cavanaugh family raised chickens in order to produce eggs for cooking and selling in the local market.  They also produced maple sugar used to make maple syrup.  They did not grow and crops or vegetables.

       My great grandfather Cavanaugh worked on the farm, and also worked in the city.  He worked in the retail department, selling clothes.  His family had enough money to own a car to transport him to and from work each day.

       During the Great Depression and stock market crash, the Cavanaugh family did not lose a lot of their money.  They did not feel the need to invest in the stock market and therefore did not lose any money that way.  During the Depression, however, it was difficult to sell products in the market because the prices were falling drastically, but they did not have trouble paying their mortgage and never went into debt.  For our family, life during the Depression was no different than life before.  My family was lucky to be where they were at during those rough times.


Made By: Allison Whitney
for Ms. Averre's 8/9 period class
First Quarter Project